The legislation, set to go before the upper house on Wednesday, will fast-track citizenship claims from refugees from three neighbouring countries — but not if they are Muslim.
For Islamic groups, the opposition, rights groups and others fits into Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Hindu nationalist agenda to marginalise India’s 200 million Muslims — something he denies.
People in northeast India object for different reasons, fearing that large numbers of Hindu migrants from Bangladesh who they say are intruders will be given citizenship.
On Tuesday the region sandwiched between Bangladesh, China and Myanmar was crippled by a general strike called by dozens of organisations, with buses off the roads and most schools and shops shut.
“The bandh (strike) have drawn a total response in the northeastern states,” said Samujjal Bhattacharyya from the powerful umbrella group the North East Students’ Organization.
“We have made it clear … that CAB (the Citizenship Amendment Bill) will not be accepted and we are going to intensify our agitation,” he told AFP.
India’s lower house passed the bill just after midnight following a fiery debate that saw one Muslim MP compare the government to the Nazis.
Once law, it will make it much easier for Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis, and Christians fleeing Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan to become Indians.
Modi’s government says Muslims are excluded because they do not face persecution in these three countries.
Also excluded are other minorities fleeing other countries such as Tamils from Sri Lanka, Rohingya from Myanmar and Tibetans from China.
“This bill is in line with India’s centuries old ethos of assimilation and belief in humanitarian values,” Modi tweeted.
“I say this again and again that this bill has nothing to do with the Muslims in this country,” Home Minister Amit Shah told parliament.
Shah has stoked further fears among India’s Muslims with his aim to conduct a nationwide National Register of Citizens (NRC) that he says will see all “infiltrators” excluded by 2024.
On Monday, almost 1,200 scientists and scholars at institutions in India and abroad published a joint letter expressing their “dismay” at the legislation, saying the constitution called for members of all faiths to be treated equally.
The US Commission on International Religious Freedom Monday called for sanctions on Shah while terming the bill as a “dangerous turn in wrong direction”.
The body said the bill, together with the proposed National Register of Citizens, was creating a religious test for Indian citizenship that would strip citizenship from millions of Muslims.
Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan tweeted that the legislation by India’s “fascist” government “violates” all norms of international human rights law and bilateral agreements.
1/3 Demonstrators in New Delhi protest against the bill which will fast-track citizenship claims from refugees from three neighbouring countries, but not if they are Muslim
2/3 Protestors in northeast India say the region already bears a burden from ‘illegal foreigners’
3/3 Indian MPs protest against the bill which the opposition and rights groups say fits into Prime Minister Narendra Mod’s Hindu nationalist agenda.